National Days around the world: October 29th, Republic Day of Turkey

The Republic Day of Turkey (Cumhuriyet Bayramı in Turkish) is one of the public holidays in Turkey and Northern Cyprus, commemorating the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923. Starting each year at 1:00 pm on 28th October, it lasts 35 hours. The holiday commemorates the events of 29 October 1923, when Mustafa Kemal […]


History of Youth Pledge Day The Youth Pledge (Indonesian: Sumpah Pemuda) was a declaration made on 28 October 1928 by young Indonesian nationalists in the Second Youth Congress. They proclaimed three ideals, one motherland, one nation and one language.[1] The first Indonesian youth congress was held in Batavia, capital of the then-Dutch East Indies in […]

National Days around the world: 28th October, Independent Czechoslovak State Day

Always celebrated on 28 October, this day is the National Day of the Czech Republic and commemorates the date in 1918 when Czechoslovakia was created. History of Independent Czechoslovak State Day The area of Czechoslovakia had been a part of the Austro Hungarian Empire until the Empire collapsed at the end of World War I. […]

National Days around the world: October 28th, Oxi Day

The Greece, Cyprus and the Greek communities around the world celebrate Oxi Day (pronounced Ohi Day) on 28 October each year. Ohi Day commemorates the rejection by Greek dictator Ioannis Metaxas of the ultimatum made by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini on 28 October 1940, the Hellenic counterattack against the invading Italian forces at the mountains […]

National Days around the world: October 26th, Austrian National Day

The Austrian National Day is celebrated on October 26 and relates to political developments after WW II. After the end of the War, Austria was occupied by the four Allied forces (Soviet Union, United States, Great Britain, and France), who divided the country into four zones. The capital Vienna was also divided in four, with […]